If the fluid is not absorbed, the person can be infertile gallery. Rete tubular ectasia is a benign condition, usually found in older men, involving numerous small, tubular cystic structures within the rete testis. Herein, we present a case of rete testis adenocarcinoma in a 36yearold chinese male. Rete testis is a network of small tubules found in the part of the testicle that carries sperm. The network of channels formed at the termination of the straight seminiferous tubules in the mediastinum testis. Ultrasound image showing tubular ectasia of the rete testis as an incidental finding in an 81 year old male rete tubular ectasia is a benign condition, usually found in older men, involving numerous small, tubular cystic structures within the rete testis. These spermatozoacontaining cysts communicate with the. Rete testis the rete testis connects the seminiferous tubules to the ductus efferentes.
Profile a rete testis adenoma was diagnosed incidentally in a 6yearold quarter horse and an adenocarcinoma was reported in a 5yearold quarter horse cross. As only 5% of intratesticular tumours are benign, their significance in clinical practice is. A case of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis accompanied by. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis cdt represents a diagnostic challenge made easier if age, precise localisation, typical ultrasonographic features, the presence or absence of associated genitourinary malformations, as well as tumor markers are considered. Rete tubular ectasia is a disorder of the rete testis in which many benign cysts are present. The testicular artery is convoluted and is surrounded by the venous pampiniform plexus for heat exchange. Slides 72, 73, 74 and 116 slides 72 and 73 include the testis proper and the excurrent ducts see diagram mr4. The tubuli recti enter the fibrous tissue of the mediastinum, and pass upward and backward, forming, in their ascent, a close network of anastomosing tubes which are merely channels in the fibrous stroma, lined by flattened epithelium, and having no proper walls. Tubular ectasia of the rete testis tert is a benign entity due to dilation of the tubules of the rete testis. Testis article about testis by the free dictionary. Very rarely give rise to an adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. In peripheral area of the tumor, the remaining normal rete testis and. Cystic dysplasia of the testis cdt is a benign, congenital malformation of the. Rete testis is an anastomosing network of delicate tubules located in the hilum of the testicle mediastinum testis that carries sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vasa efferentia.
Rete testis simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These spermatozoacontaining cysts communicate with the tubular system into the epididymis. It is lined by ciliated cuboidal epithelial cells that also contain microvilli. The definite treatment of such a benign lesion is testissparing surgery, however in. Slides 73 and 75, labelled epididymis, are generally not well preserved.
Tubular ectasia of rete testis radiology reference article. Rete testis definition of rete testis by medical dictionary. Pathology this is a benign condition thought to result from the partial or complet. It is the counterpart of the rete ovarii in females. The tunica albuginea thickens extends inward to form the mediastinum testis.
This condition is more common in men over the age of 55 years. It is also near the arterial supply of the testis which comes from the testicular artery. Sry ex pression is mainta ined after testis di fferentiatio n. The radical orchiectomy specimen contained an undifferentiated spindled sex cordstromal tumor arising in the rete testis. Rete testis is an anastomosing network of delicate channels located in the testicular hilum. Seminiferous tubules convolutedstraight tubules rete testis in mediastinum testis efferent ducts epididymis ducts tail, body, then head ductus deferens.
Essentially, these tubules are simple loops which open with both their limbs into a network of fine, slitlike canals, the rete testis. More common with sometimes subtle intertubular pattern of seminoma. Its function is to provide a site for fluid reabsorption. The epididymis is a large structure that extends along the entire posterior margin of the testes from the superior pole to the inferior. Patients with this disease require careful management for. Within a firm and thick capsule of connective tissue, the tunica albuginea, the testis contains a varying number of thin but very long seminiferous tubules which are the sites of sperm formation.
Cystic dysplasia is an unusual benign congenital lesion of the rete testis often. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. Testicular teratoma, mimicking a simple testicular cyst, in an infant. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis linkedin slideshare. Guidelines on testicular cancer european association of urology.
Testicular sex cordstromal tumors are far less common than germ cell neoplasms and are usually benign. Tubular ectasia of rete testis radiology reference. At testicular hilum complex tubular architecture may resemble teratoma connects testicular tubules to 12 15 ciliated efferent ducts, which merge into a single duct, the epididymis at its head. Rete testis definition of rete testis by the free dictionary. Thin connective tissue septa from mediastinum testis separate testis into testicular lobules.
Primary adenocarcinoma of rete testis with distinct. The average length of such tubules is 30 centimetres 12 inches, and. The activity of the cilia helps to move the spermatozoa along the tube, as they are immobile until they reach the epididymis. We report a case of bilateral rete testisassociated epididymal cyst in patient with abdominal mass.
This is a benign condition thought to result from the partial or complete obliteration of the efferent ducts. Tunica albuginea is a thick connective tissue that surrounds each testis. Most patients with adenocarcinoma of rete testis present with scrotal pain andor swelling and frequently tumors are masked by a hydrocele, hematocele, inguinoscrotal hernia, epididymitis etc. There is still little knowledge about its etiology and pathogenesis. Scrotal swelling clinically was interpreted as testicular.
The formation of cysts in the rete testis is associated with the obstruction of the efferent ducts, which connect the rete testis with the head of the epididymis. Rete testis definition at, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Primary adenocarcinoma of rete testis with distinct biphasic. Testis, rete testis hyperplasia in a male cd1 mouse. Figure 1 testis, rete testis dilation in a male b6c3f1 mouse from a chronic study. Other terms have been used for this abnormality, including ectasia, cystic ectasia, tubular ectasia, cystic transformation, or cystic dysplasia of the rete testis. Rete testes definition of rete testes by the free dictionary. It is a rare benign entity having a typical sonographic. Rete testis medical definition merriamwebster medical. The hyperplastic epithelium generally forms papillary or knoblike projections into the lumen with no compression of surrounding tissue figure 1 and figure 2. A case of cystic dysplasia of the rete testis in a 17monthsold boy. Hyperplasia of the rete testis epithelium occurs as a focal or multifocal lesion and can be seen as an occasional incidental lesion in rats but more commonly in cd1 mice. Rete testes synonyms, rete testes pronunciation, rete testes translation, english dictionary definition of rete testes.
Testis, rete testis hyperplasia nonneoplastic lesion atlas. Histologic diagnosis is difficult, and in the past the tumor may have been incorrectly identified in a number of cases, leading to misleading. Tubular ectasia of rete testis represents dilated testicular mediastinal tubules. A 34yearold tetraplegic patient with suppurative epididymitis was found on followup examination and ultrasonography to have a testicular mass. Case report, ultrastructural observations, and clinicopathologic correlates. First 4 you can identify in this slide, each one has different epithelial lining and function. Rete receives the luminal contents of seminiferous tubules and empties them into the efferent ductules. Mar 16, 2020 rete testis is an anastomosing network of delicate channels located in the testicular hilum. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the faq by clicking the link above. Mediastinum testis medical definition merriamwebster. Information and translations of rete testis in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Rete testis channels drain into the efferent ductules that pass into the caput epididymis. The rete testis have concentrated sperm and fluid in them, and they help the epididymis to absorb this fluid.
This idiopathic condition is very often bilateral and is not usually associated with testicular enlargement or renal abnormalities 15. Origins, differentiation, and assembly of the component cell populations. The rete testis is a network of tubules in the mediastinum testis that carry sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the efferent ducts. Proliferation of lining epithelium is present in the dilated rete testis. Jun 24, 20 adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is very rare. There is also an extratesticular multicystic lesion seen abutting head and body of epididymis. Synchronous bilateral testis cancer sbtc is a rare event. Occasionally afflicted by adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis. Transitions from tumor to rete testis, no evidence of teratoma and no other primary tumor solid, tubular or papillary patterns with clear cut stromal invasion slit like spaces in solid nests of tumor are common. Jan 22, 2016 congenital cystic dysplasia of the rete testis should not be confused with ectasia of the rete testis, which is incidentally found in a large number of middleaged and elderly men. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Discussion cystic dilatation of the rete testis is a benign entity that can usually be diagnosed based on its typical sonographic appearance. In certain amniotesthe rat, for examplethe tubules may be open ended, running a zigzag course from the rete to the periphery and back again.
Tubular ectasia of the rete testis is a rare, benign, cystic lesion of the testis. Seminiferous tubules convolutedstraight tubules rete testis in mediastinum testis efferent ducts epididymis ducts tail, body, then head ductus deferens first 4 you can identify in this slide, each one has different epithelial lining and function. From its superior end, the rete testis gives rise to 1220 efferent ductules that penetrate the capsule and connect with the epididymis where sperm cells become mobile and gain the ability to fertilize an egg. Within the left testis, tubular cystic areas are seen near mediastinum of testis tubular ectasia of the rete testes. Most of the time it is discovered incidentally on scrotal sonograms and may be. Increases risk of relapse in a univariate analysis. Dilation of the rete testis figure 1 is a relatively common incidental finding in aging mice.362 420 434 626 250 686 1096 1307 1365 1089 843 9 940 1440 824 329 1440 765 414 399 87 300 1495 1392 895 278 413 831 360 1441 1249 1446 54 1082